Why Should People Floss?

Daily flossing is an essential element of proper dental hygiene. It removes plaque, which can turn into tartar and cause gingivitis and gum disease. Regular cleanings by a dentist or hygienist help reduce tartar build-up. Studies have also shown that flossing even prevents strokes and heart attacks. Treat your teeth to flossing each day to improve your health and smile.

Significance

People should floss their teeth at least once a day to remove food particles and plaque that a toothbrush doesn’t reach. Plaque is a sticky layer of material which contains bacteria, causes tooth decay, and can also cause inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), which can then lead to periodontal disease.

Plaque can start forming as soon as four hours after brushing. When plaque is not removed, it eventually hardens and turns into tartar. Tartar can only be removed by a dentist or hygienist.

Warning

More dangerous bacteria can start building up in the tartar and producing toxins. The toxins irritate a person’s gums, an inflammation called gingivitis. Gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, where the toxins invade the bones supporting the teeth. This can lead to bone loss and loose teeth, and even to teeth falling out.

Considerations

Studies have also indicated that flossing helps to prevent strokes and heart attacks. Periodontitis and even gingivitis are strong risk factors for cardiovascular disease, because of the stress of continuous inflammation in the body. In one study of stroke patients, severe periodontitis was shown to significantly increase the chances of a stroke occurring.

The American Academy of Periodontology states that people with periodontitis are almost twice as likely to have heart disease.

Prevention/Solution

Flossing has cosmetic benefits as well. It stops ugly tartar build-up, and also prevents bad breath. It’s easy to prove how flossing stops bad breath by doing some flossing and smelling the debris that is removed.

Types

Many styles of floss are available – waxed and unwaxed, wide and regular, and there are flavored kinds such as mint and cinnamon. They all work about the same. The one consideration might be to use a wide floss if you have wider spaces between your teeth, but the most important thing is to choose a product and use it daily.

Water-piks are not as effective as floss, because they do not remove plaque.

Function

Floss should be gently rubbed up and down between teeth, and into the spaces between the gums and teeth. The American Dental Association recommends flossing for two or three minutes, and states that even people who floss daily typically do not spend enough time at it.

Buying Real Estate in England

Please note that different systems of real estate transaction apply in different parts of Great Britain. This article applies specifically to England and Wales. A different system operates in Scotland.

Buying property in England is not for the faint-hearted. The real estate laws, which seem to come from another era, permit both buyer and seller to re-negotiate or even walk away from deals even after offers have been made and accepted, virtually right up to the last minute.

Why Bother?

Given the warning above one might well ask why bother? Well, if you need to live in England you don’t have much choice.

But there might be another reason. According to government Land Registry figures, real estate prices have more than doubled in the past 6 years (to Oct 2006), and despite recent interest rate increases housing inflation shows no sign of abating.

This is because demand for housing continues to outstrip supply. The U.K. continues to be a high immigration country and more families are getting divorced (creating more households).

Additionally, as affordability becomes harder for first-time buyers coupled with insufficient affordable public-sector rental accommodation, demand is increasing for privately rented housing.

Types of Property The types of property available in England are not dissimilar to those in North America, though the naming differs. Here’s a brief guide to the most common types:

Detached – the house occupies an entire building. Semi-detached (duplex) – a single building consisting of two houses. Terraced (town house) – a number of houses in a row. Bungalow – a single-story house. Flat – apartment. The term apartment is also being used increasingly in England. Flats may be of two kinds: Purpose-built flats were built to be used as flats. Conversions – These exist within large houses that have been converted from single units to a number of flats.

Types of Tenure

Freehold – Mainly relates to houses. The owner owns both the structure and the land it occupies.

Leasehold – Mainly relates to flats. The owner “owns” the structure, but the land is owned by someone else, the “landlord”. Leasehold property is leased for a fixed period, often 99 years. At the end of the lease the property reverts to the landlord. Beware of buying leasehold property with less than 50years remaining on the lease. Often a charge for “ground rent” is payable.

Commonhold – A relatively new form of ownership in which owners of individual flats share the freehold of the entire building (and land). Commonhold properties may employ a professional management company, or may be self-managed by the individual owners. Self-managed properties usually have cheaper management fees, but owners may be expected to “volunteer” for gardening, painting etc, and this can cause friction between owners depending on the proportion of work they feel they undertake.

Arranging Finance

The UK has no shortage of choice of mortgage deals, including a wide variety of investor mortgages (known as “buy to let”). A properly qualified and licensed independent mortgage broker should be able to guide you through the maze.

Before consulting a broker it helps to make some decisions regarding the kind of mortgage you require, eg fixed or variable rate, special features like early repayment or overpayment facility etc.

Choosing a Property

Choosing a property in England is much the same as choosing a property anywhere else. First decide on location, type of property and budget. Create a prioritized list of desirable features. It may also help to get a mortgage agreement in principle (ie the lender will state how much they are prepared to lend you) to show sellers you have the available finance.

Approach all suitable estate agents (realtors) with your requirements. Realtor fees are paid by the seller, so there’s no restriction how many you contact. Many (but not all) agents publish their listings on the Web.

Consider also the growing number of “for sale by owner” Web sites used by sellers wishing to avoid agent’s fees.

Traditionally, the majority of transactions have been handled by agents, but with the growth of the Internet the “for sale by owner” route is set to become increasingly common.

Consider also property auctions. See below for more details on this option.

Take your time to get a feel for the market, particularly if you are unfamiliar with the locality. View several properties, comparing the price and what’s on offer for each. Most importantly check the prices that properties have actually recently sold for. This is a much more accurate indication of market value than the seller’s asking price.

The Purchase Process

The purchase process begins with the making of an offer to the seller. In England offers are often made orally via the estate agent and often don’t include the number of “subject to” statements common in North America, and significantly don’t usually include completion and possession dates!

There may well be some negotiation and counter offers before agreement is reached. In any case all offers to buy should be made “subject to inspection (survey) and contract”.

Inspection

Once an offer is accepted you will probably wish to arrange for a property inspection (survey). Different levels of inspection are available. If you are buying on a mortgage the lender will almost certainly require a valuation to be carried out to protect their capital in the event of default.

The lender’s inspector (surveyor) may also offer to carry out more detailed inspections (at extra cost) or you may wish to shop around or employ an inspector on personal recommendation. Be sure to check their qualifications and professional body memberships.

A valuation merely consists of the inspector’s opinion of the market value of the property. No details are included. A “Home Buyer’s Report” is the next level of inspection. The inspector will make a more detailed inspection of the property and provide a report of around 20 pages highlighting potential problems. The home buyer’s is usually based on a visual inspection coupled with the inspector’s experience and does not carry any guarantee in the event of problems that were not identified.

The most comprehensive inspection is the full structural survey. This does include certain tests and it is possible to sue the inspector in the case of problems found later that should have been identified but were not.

There may also be a need to obtain specialized inspections, eg for electrical or plumbing installations. This need may be highlighted in the general inspection, from information communicated by the seller, or your own observations.

In the light of the inspection(s) results you may decide to go ahead, walk away, or re-negotiate price taking account of necessary repairs.

Renovation (Fixer-Uppers) Be aware that builders and engineers in England don’t come cheap, and are of variable quality and efficiency. If you do decide on professional renovation be sure to get several detailed quotes for each task. Don’t necessarily take the cheapest, instead select the one that will do the best job for the money. Go for an established and experienced tradesman, preferably one that has been personally recommended. Don’t entertain unsolicited canvassers.

Unless you have an aptitude for DIY, or have had recommendations of competent, reputable, and AFFORDABLE professionals, fixer-uppers may be best avoided.

Conveyancing

Conveyancing is the legal process of transferring ownership from seller to buyer. It is conducted by a lawyer (solicitor) or licensed conveyancer.

Most High Street solicitors should be able to carry out this work, but quality of service can vary enormously. Get quotes from several, including details of what they will do fro their fee. As always, personal recommendation is a useful guide.

Many conveyancers work on a fixed fee plus costs of the various “searches” they undertake.

Searches will invariably include a local authority search, which will reveal if any building works are planned that might affect the property concerned. Other searches may be requested as necessary according to the type of property and location.

At some point in the conveyancing process you will receive a report from your lawyer, been completed by the seller, which details all fixtures and fittings that are being included in the purchase (and those which are not) as well as other important information about the property. This form will eventually form part of the contract of sale, so check it carefully.

It helps to choose a local conveyancer so you can call into their office frequently in the event things do not move as quickly as you would like. One disadvantage of the fixed fee system is that lawyers may be inclined to do the bare minimum (since they get paid no more for extras). Keep hassling them until completion is reached.

Once the inspection, searches etc have been completed satisfactorily a draft contract will be issued to buyer and seller formally stating details of the sale. Buyer and seller both sigh identical copies of the same document and return these to their respective lawyers. The lawyers then agree to “exchange contracts”. A deposit (usually 10%) is also payable. It is only at this stage that the completion date will be fixed! It is also only at exchange of contracts that buyer and seller pass the point of no return, or at least leave themselves liable to legal action should they attempt to back out of the deal.

Buying at Auction

Buying at auction can be a means of achieving a quick purchase, and also getting a bargain to boot.

A successful bid at auction constitutes a contract to purchase with no going back by either side, so it is essential to carry out any inspections / legal searches etc ahead of the auction itself. This means of course that unsuccessful bidders will probably have spent significant time and money for no purpose.

Take time to peruse the list of properties coming up for auction, these are published by auctioneers and estate agents or see the Web sites listed below. Make arrangements to view those that seem most likely, then proceed to get an inspection and legal checks done on those you want to bid for.

Tip: visit a few auctions beforehand for a dry run before bidding for a property just to see how things work.

It’s possible that the seller may just want a quick sale, but beware that it’s most often problem properties that end up at auction. These may include re-possessions that have been trashed by evicted former owners, properties in very poor states of repair etc. Be sure to do your homework, and if you intend to bid on a property set a maximum figure to which you will go – and stick to it!

Costs of Purchase

The costs of purchase include the following:

Stamp Duty (tax):

for properties up to £125,000, stamp duty = 0%;

for properties over £125,000 and up to to £250,000, stamp duty = 1%;

for properties over £250,000 to £500,000, stamp duty = 3%;

for properties over £500,000; stamp duty = 4%. Bizarrely the rate quoted is payable on the ENTIRE purchase price, eg a house priced £251,000 is liable for £7,530 stamp duty, whereas one at £250,000 is liable only for £2,500. It follows that it is very well worth negotiating a reduction to take a property just below a stamp duty threshold.

Legal fees – generally consisting of lawyer’s fee plus those of any searches carried out

Land registry fees

Valuation/inspection (survey) fees

Mortgage “arrangement” fees (essentially points, an up-front payment in return for better rates)

Chains

A chain is where you wish to buy a house from Mr A, but Mr A is waiting to buy a house from Mr B, and Mr B is waiting to buy a house from Mr C etc. In view of the late stage of fixing a completion date chains occur all too frequently in English real estate transactions.

The only way to avoid getting caught in a chain is to limit your search to properties listed as “no chain” or “vacant possession” (unoccupied). It is also worth getting your lawyer to confirm this as part of the conveyancing process.

Gazumping and Gazundering

As we’ve already said the English real estate system is fraught with frustration as buyers and sellers may change minds or walk away right up to the last minute. Two common reasons for doing so are “gazumping” and “gazundering”. Though it’s hopes that readers will never encounter them it’s worth defining them here.

Gazumping is where a seller accepts one offer but keeps marketing the property and eventually accepts a higher offer. The maker of the first offer is left out of pocket to the tune of inspections, legal fees, and mortgage fees incurred to date.

Gazundering is where a buyer, having had one offer accepted, subsequently makes a lower offer. This may be genuine, in the light of faults identified on inspection, or may be based upon pure greed arising from the seller’s need to sell quickly.

Home Information Packs

In an attempt to partially address the inefficiencies of the English real estate system the U.K. government has introduced “Home Information Packs” on larger properties from August 2007, with all properties set to follow some time in the future. This means potential sellers have to compile a set of documents providing certain information about the property.

Since Home Information Packs are paid for by the seller it seems likely they will deter those who simply market their home to ascertain its market value. They also give the buyer more information than was previously available before s/he decides to make an offer.

However, since reports are compiled by someone working for the seller, can buyers and their lenders trust the impartiality of the information? Additionally, last minute gazumping, gazundering or other changes of heart will still be permissible.

Costs of Ownership

As well as the costs of purchase it is also necessary to consider the ongoing costs of ownership in assessing the affordability / profitability of a property.

Every property in the U.K. is liable for Council Tax. Each property is allocated to a band (A-H) according to its value in 1991 (this is estimated for newer properties). The amount of council tax is set by each local authority for each band each year. Reductions are available for certain categories of people, eg a 25% discount for single householders, and benefits for those on low incomes.

Flat owners usually have to pay some kind of maintenance / management / service costs. These cover shared expenses eg buildings insurance, communal lighting, gardening etc. These should be identified before agreeing to buy.

Although freehold properties do not attract maintenance changes, the prudent owner will put a sum aside weekly or monthly to cover repairs and maintenance as necessary.

A mortgage lender will generally insist the building is adequately insured to protect their security. Depending on the loan and lender they may also insist upon life insurance, payment protection insurance etc. It is usually advisable to take out contents insurance alongside buildings insurance.

8 Looks for the Art of Casual Chic

Though casual chic may sound like an oxymoron, the truth is that you can look chic in almost anything you wear (sans workout gear and pajamas). The key to mastering the art of casual chic is to combine comfortable clothing with a hint of sophisticated flair. That flair may be demonstrated by your shoe choice, accessories, hair or even absolute confidence in your appearance. Once you’ve mastered the casual chic look, you’ll always have something to wear no matter where you go, be it a cocktail party, grocery store or barbecue.

Flirty Chic

The colorful palette on this otherwise sophisticated, streamlined dress takes Sarah Jessica Parker straight into the realm of casual chic. Her getup is dressy enough for an afternoon or evening of cocktails and mingling, but could also work while running errands or at a low-key lunch. To achieve a flirty, casual chic look like this one, wear a well-fitted dress with comfortable shoes and relaxed hair.

Street-Wear Chic

As senior fashion market editor of “Harper’s Bazaar,” Joanna Hillman knows a thing or two about fashion. Here, the blond-haired maven looks calm, cool and collected in her baggy blue blouse and neutral skirt. Create this look by wearing slightly oversized apparel paired with texturized locks, sunglasses and minimal jewelry.

Leopard Chic

Mischa Barton shows her wild side in a leopard print top and ballet flats. She keeps the knee-length skirt casual and youthful with a simple hairstyle and minimalist accessories. Pairing her printed top with a denim A-Line skirt and studded belt keeps the look casual, but the bold prints provide an extra wow-factor. Her black tights and flats make the ensemble perfect for fall. Add a neutral-colored jacket and you’re set for winter, too!

Summer Chic

Reality TV star Khloe Kardashian is all about laid-back apparel. She pairs a very casual, loose T-shirt and tattered denim shorts with heels to instantly transform the look into casual chic. Heels are an easy way to dress up any casual look, whether you’re in leggings, jeans, a blazer or jumpsuit. For a touch of flirty flair, wear a splashy accessory as Kardashian does.

Trendy Chic

The always trending Linda Papadopoulos, psychologist and author, keeps the momentum going with this creamy fitted blazer and dark denim jean. To bring her ensemble up to chic-dom, she layers with a flowing, patterned scarf. Scarves, like heels, instantly add a bit of chic sophistication to any look. Try one in a neutral color, like Papadopoulos, or a splashy color if you’re feeling frisky.

Autumn Chic

What makes model-turned-photographer Delfina Blaquier’s outfit casual chic is her layering techniques. Without the trench-length cardigan and colorful scarf, the white dress underneath would read more dressy than casual. Experiment with layering your outfits to create a casual, yet fashion-forward look.

Hippie Chic

Actress Gillian Zinser, seen with actor Tristan Wilds, channels her inner hippie with this casual chic ensemble. The short jeans paired with a fun, patterned top makes her outfit instantly interesting. Add the purple, matching headband and it’s a fashion-forward ensemble. To master the art of casual chic you must not be afraid to take fashion risks.

Formal & Fun

Blake Lively, actress and fashionista, is known in the fashion world for her eclectic taste and flare for red carpet outfits. Though this particular outfit is more formal than casual, Lively layers the sheerness of her blouse and lace skirt with a fitted blazer. Her flattering blazer says business, but the ethereal quality of her top and its lack of structure add a touch of casualness. Combine formal elements with daytime fabrics like a light-colored lace for a similar look.

Use the Stopwatch Timer And Be More Productive Quickly

Time is money so when it is wasted it can do not be recovered. To many people Twenty four hours does not feel like enough time. Depending on the individual situation, there are times when time seems to operate so fast while in other instances it is the precise negative. You will find responsibilities that can a lot of time if not well handled. This is why the stopwatch timer is usually important because it takes on a big role in bringing organization in order to situations. Any countdown timer is simply a time management tool that gives synchronization in order not to look past the arranged limits. Stopwatch timer rewards are numerous here is a list of a few.

Marketing, Business and Scientific benefits

When looked at from the marketing point of view, Stopwatch timers are used in auctions. The timers are useful when indicating the bidding for a certain item is ending. Commercial Capital t.Vs also uses countdown electronic timers which reveal the time leftover before a deal expires. Capital t.V sport shows have often utilized countdown timers where a participant would have to make a choice before it runs out.

The timers are essential in handling business meetings and appointments. Individuals are aware of the moment remaining prior to a meeting cvs or finishes. This keeps all of them from becoming late.
Cyber cafes owners use countdown electronic timers to keep tabs on how much time will be spent searching in order to discover how much to be able to charge. Area rockets use countdown timers before liftoff. Timers are set upon bombs just before exploding giving people time to clear out from the exploding area for instance mines and also building implosions.

Sporting activities

Sports for example wrestling, weight-lifting, boxing and chess have used Stopwatch timers in some crucial competitions. A fumbling and punching match for example can be very lengthy if individuals had their way. Their own time will be thus handled and this is why we have competitions divided into models. Athletes make use of countdown timers throughout practice as well as the actual competition. Soccer matches use countdown electronic timers to indicate just how time remains to the conclusion of the ninety days minutes.

Individual Benefits

Time management techniques is essential to experience particular objectives. An individual can for example want physical exercise for thirty minutes. A countdown timer therefore comes in handy because it can be stopped in case of disruption and resumed afterwards. They are utilised in the kitchen in order to ensure that food isn’t overcooked or overcooked. instead of.

Social Occasions

From the Occasions Square Ny to the Lambent Connection in London, for the Harbor Bridge in Quarterly report; all these places had this gadget to count on the minutes remaining to the year. The Stopwatch is followed by celebrations and a stunning display associated with fireworks.

Hotels, Motels Green Bathroom Remodeling Nationwide

Hotels/motels that remodel their bathrooms by going green are following the hotel industry’s move towards environmental sustainability. Hotels/Motels therefore, have understood that going green means replacing fixtures with water or energy saving appliances. What many hotels and motels owners are beginning to learn is that going green in their bathroom remodeling project, includes refinishing, recycling and the use of recycled materials.

Hotels/Motels green remodeling has other benefits or advantages apart from saving money. Investors that are looking to buy a chain of hotels or motels or even those looking to buy a single hotel or motel are definitely looking to buy ones that have efficient fixtures and appliances installed in their bathrooms.

Hotels and Motels use of resources

Hotels and motels are in general bigger than average buildings and the use a lot of resources. It takes a lot of resources to build hotels and an equally bigger and constant resources to maintain – heating and cooling, use of lots of water. No hotels can function without water. Hotels need water for laundry, for showering in the bathrooms, flushing the toilets, washing your hands, and then dishwashing. That is why any hotel that considers bathroom remodeling, thinks about green bathroom remodeling and it’s advantage of saving water.

Additionally, the hotel industry use a lot of energy. The annual energy bill for the hospitality industry is $3.7 billion a year on energy. Energy savings alone is driving a lot of hotels to green bathroom remodeling. They see the benefits and embrace the advantages of water and energy savings they get from when their bathrooms are remodeled for green living.

Hotels see green in green bathroom remodeling. Whether the owners of hotels or motels believe that the civilities of their hotels have an impact on the environment or not, they see “green” the money savings in water and energy resources.

Green bathroom remodeling save hotels and motels money:

Replace showerheads to save water bills:
During a tight economy, those hotels that are remodeling in order to sell their hotels or add value to their property are discovering that a very inexpensive way to save water in their hotels bathrooms is to replace their shower heads with water saving ones. The performance of a good water head should be the same as a normal shower head. Cheap one dribble water which defeats the whole purpose of water savings.

Replace older toilets with water saving toilets:
There have been a lot of advancement in the choice of toilets that save water. You can choose a pressurized toilet which fits well over where your old toilet sits. Pressurized toilets cost more than their standard counterpart and some people claim that they give some problems. On the other hand, dual flush toilets which are popular in Europe are showing up in more and more hotels bathrooms that are using green remodeling to water in their total bathroom remodeling project. It estimated that in one year, a dual flush toilet will save a family where four people are using the bathroom about 15000 gallons of water.

Hotels bathtub refinishing/tub re-glazing and sink refinishing saves money and the environment:

There are plenty of hotels, retirement homes, nursing homes or bed and breakfast inns that have antique claw foot bathtubs in their bathrooms. Refinishing these antique claw foot bathtubs preserve their beauty, saves hotels plenty of money and benefit’s the environment. Sink refinishing saves the landfills and puts some “green” in the pockets of hotel owners. Bathtub refinishing saves bathtubs from going into the landfills while saving hotels over 80% over the cost of replacement. And when hotels add our volume discount, the savings are even bigger. Green bathtub refinishing is green in your bank account.

Hotels green bathroom remodeling uses recycled materials

Just like you find recycled materials that can be used when you remodel other rooms in other parts of the hotel, there are also building materials that are made of recycled materials tile; vanities and flooring. Hotels that use recycled fixtures save money and conserve natural resources.

Not every bathtub refinishing company or even every green bathroom remodeling company or business understands the import of our activities on our environment.

‘Super Shred’ vs ‘Doctor’s Diet’: Physicians debate merits of weight loss plans

So you want to lose weight. What could be better than a diet plan created by one of the well-known physicians on the popular health talk show “The Doctors,” two of whom have created their own weight loss programs? The challenge in choosing one of those plans: Dr. Ian Smith provides very different diet tactics in his “Super Shred” diet when compared to Dr. Travis Stork’s “The Doctor’s Diet,” reported USA Today on Feb. 23.

Dr. Ian says he believes that the key to rapid weight loss is “calorie disruption,” and contends that his diet can help dieters lose 20 pounds in four weeks: “Super Shred: The Big Results Diet: 4 Weeks 20 Pounds Lose It Faster!”

The “Super Shred” weight loss program alternates calorie counts, up to 1,600 calories on some days and down to 900 calories on other days. Included are grocery lists, meal plans and recipes. Dieters are advised to perform 40 minutes or more of high-intensity interval aerobic exercise a day.

In addition to calorie disruption, Dr. Ian tells dieters to snack frequently, including specifics on timing. He also emphasizes what he calls “sliding nutrient density,” which means that you eat plant-based foods in the second part of your day.

In contrast, Dr. Travis focuses on food prescriptions so that your meals and snacks become your medicine: “The Doctor’s Diet: Dr. Travis Stork’s STAT Program to Help You Lose Weight & Restore Your Health”.

Although the “Doctor’s Diet” emphasizes health and weight loss equally, Dr. Travis does provide a four-week jump-start to accelerate weight loss, followed by diet to continue the weight loss and concluding with a maintenance plan. That four-week plan emphasizes healthy fats, moderately high protein and low-carb diet meals and snacks.

As for Dr. Ian’s emphasis on high-intensity exercise for 40 minutes, Dr. Travis prescribes only 30 minutes of an activity such as walking. In addition, Dr. Travis feels strongly about the dangers of sugar, telling dieters to surrender the sweet stuff while boosting their protein intake. While not eliminating carbohydrates, he says that those who engage in only minimal activity can benefit from low carb diets.

“We don’t know exactly why protein helps with weight loss. One reason is that it has an impact on the action of ghrelin, known as the hunger hormone, and leptin, the satiety hormone, which is why people who eat protein at each meal find they are fuller and less hungry after they eat than do people who skimp on protein,” he explains.

Hand Wash Only?

Nothing is more annoying than getting a stain on that favorite silk blouse or cashmere sweater — except looking at the tag and finding the three words everyone dreads: “Hand wash only.” Don’t give up on your garment just because of a few words; try some tips and tricks that make hand-washing a breeze.

Things Aren’t Always What They Seem

Before pulling that detergent out, consider that it may not be time to wash just yet. Though hand-wash-only clothing tends to be more delicate, it can typically stand up to three to four wears before it’s time to clean it, according to Athelia Woolley, co-owner and head designer of Shabby Apple, an online dress boutique. “Hand-wash-only fabrics are almost always made of natural fibers, like 100-percent silk or cashmere or wool, and those fabrics don’t get soiled easily,” she says.

Also, depending on the type of fabric, hand-washing may not be your only option. Many clothes that carry a hand-wash-only tag may actually be machine-washable, according to experts including Woolley and Krystal Savanella, fashion designer and owner of Krystal Savanella Designs House of Couture, a high-end clothing label based in Ventura, California. They say the labeling typically serves to protect the clothing manufacturer from liability in case something goes wrong in the washing machine.

“The majority of the time a manufacturer suggests ‘hand wash only’ due to beading or another type of embellishment or a fiber or fiber blend that is delicate and might shrink or change properties, such as a fuzzy sweater,” explains Savanella.

So, when is the right time to hand wash your garments? Take it on a case-by-case basis. When it comes to sweaters, antique clothing or clothing with embellished features, like jewelry, sequins or other beading, stick to hand-washing only.

For natural fibers like silk, wool or cashmere, the rules can vary, depending on with whom you talk. Some say they can handle the machine, in a cold wash on the gentle cycle, but Savanella advises leaving those fabrics to the professionals. “I have the rule never to wash silk or wool [in water],” she says, “even if it says hand-washing is OK. Dry clean only.”

Mistakes to Avoid

Sometimes hand-washing can be a frustrating process, especially when you don’t get the results you want. Leslie Reichert, cleaning expert and author of “The Joy of Green Cleaning,” shares some common mistakes to avoid.

First, never use hot water; go with water at cool, cold or lukewarm temperatures. Make sure the sink is clean, or dedicate a special tub to hand-washing. And always add the soap to the water before placing the clothing in, not afterward.

If there’s a stain on your piece, pretreat it the old-fashioned way before you hand wash it. “Back in the day, they used an old-fashioned soap and a small brush,” Reichert explains. “Depending on the fabric, rub the soap into the spot and, if the fabric can take it, brush it in on both sides of the spot.”

If the piece is really dirty, let it soak overnight in cold water before hand-washing it. Once it’s time to wash, fill up the sink about three-fourths full and follow the directions that came with the detergent. Or alter the instructions to suit your needs. “I use like three-fourths of the amount that the instructions recommend,” says Woolley.

Reichert advises that when washing more than one item, never mix colors. Just as with machine-washing, the colors can bleed into each other. Rinse the garment as many times as it takes to remove all the soap, but never wring a piece of clothing. Gently squeeze or pat it to remove suds. Place especially delicate items on a screen and then soak the screen in the water to rinse.

Finishing Touches

If commercially popular detergents are too harsh on your garment, try a very gentle dish soap or laundry soap, Reichert suggests. “Originally, soap was made with animal fat, but now there’s olive oil- and vegetable-based soaps out there,” she says. “I use soap flakes.” This type of soap can be hard to find, but green cleaning stores and websites carry it.

Drying your hand-washed clothing properly can be just as crucial as the cleaning process. Reichert says always lay the clothing flat to dry, either on a clean white towel or a raised mesh or netted drying rack that allows the garment to lay flat. Never hang sweaters, but instead use what Reichart calls a “blocking” technique in which you lay the sweater on a clean towel and roll it up to get rid of excess water, then lay it flat to dry. This keeps the sweater from becoming misshapen.

Once the item is mostly dry, you can even toss it in the dryer, but set it to tumble dry only, Salvanella says. Again, do not use this technique with antique or embellished clothing or knitwear if you want to maintain its original shape and style.

Great Car Rentals in Ireland

Discover Ireland, a charming and quaint country with a rich history, warm hospitality, unique folk music and delicious traditional cuisine. With the many ancient monuments and the romantic landscapes and picturesque greenery, there is much to see in this country. There are also many ways to get around Ireland. It’s possible to catch a bus, walk or ride a bike. There are also trains, boats and taxis to take you where you need to go.

While there are many ways to travel within Ireland, most are far from perfect. The easiest and most convenient way to get around Ireland is to drive. Driving will give you the chance to really experience the beautiful countrysides of Ireland without encumbrances. There are many car rental companies in Ireland to choose from. Renting a car is a cinch and can be done from the comfort of your own home within minutes, but it’s important to choose the right car for your needs.

Auto Europe is one of the leading providers for car rentals in Europe.

The choices of cities to pick up your rental car, include Cork, Dublin, Galway, Kerry, Killarney, Knock and Shannon. There are many types of cars available for rent, including midsize, compact, family size, luxury, convertible, and more. Rates for Auto Europe in Ireland start at a day. Different types of travel resources are available and include Auto Europe Travel Guides, Auto Europe Vacations, even luxury investment properties.

Budget Rental offers rentals from locations all over Ireland as well; Dublin, Shannon, Cork, Galway, Kerry, Killarney, Knock, Waterford, Rosslare and more. Budget also has an array of cars available for rent such as economy automatic two doors, full size four doors, and economy two doors.

Budget is known all over the world for it’s competitive and affordable prices.

Ireland Car Hire services airports all over Ireland. They have four door cars, two door cars and five door cars, and luxury cars, with choices for automatic or stick shift. They also offer options for diesel engines, and most of their cars have air conditioning. Their prices are fully inclusive with no hidden fees.

Avis has offices all over Ireland, in the major cities and all airports; Cork, Dublin, Alway, Kerry, Knock and Shannon are all covered. Avis also offers special car rental deals for business travelers, and optional amenities such as car seats, additional insurance coverage, and truck and van rental, as well as great deals for weekly and weekend car rentals.

Enterprise has weekend specials for as low as euro15,99 per day. They also have rental locations in all major airports and cities in Ireland. Available are long-term rental deals, and incentive and loyalty programs. There are many options for buying a car, as well. Special business deals are available for those traveling for work. There are economy, compact, standard, full size, premium, and luxury cars available, as well as minivans, SUVs and pickup trucks. Customers with disabilities will have mobility devices provided.

Most companies offer amenities in their cars such as a CD player, air conditioning and GPS, sometimes for an extra cost.

Fetish Toys – Choice of Millions

Alter is always good. We love to have got change in our daily life such as our sexual intercourse lives. Today many people are eager to find out the different things that can make their particular sex lives alive and also exciting. Having an object to increase the sex enjoyment is not a brand new phenomena rather it was about 1000′s of years back when human used it like a sex toy. There exists a devastating rise in the masturbator industry with advancement in styles as well as technology. You will find these intercourse toys with very cute titles available in various colors and materials. Included in this, the most popular class is the fetish toys. It is indeed much famous that it will restrict towards the toys only but when you visit any of the sexual intercourse shop, you’ll find fetish dresses, fetish masks, furniture products and many other that can turn your sex fantasy directly into reality.

If you are a online shopper and use to visit various online shopping sites, you may spend some time visiting any of the on the web sex shop. You will find a large variety of fetish items which will really make your sex life exciting. You will find a few exotic dresses with fetish masks for both males and females. You will find variety of other things like lotions, options, toys, bondage, gowns and many other things that you can use during sex. If you are a sex lover as well as like to watch porn movies then you will also love to adopt various techniques use by people in the movie. There are several items like per your own mood. In order to bring several spice inside your sex life, start off consider integrating a few simple limitations like Blindfolds, fetish masks, neckties etc. When you are in mood to enhance the sexual pleasure with some objects then there’s nothing much better than the fetish toys.

As soon as you will see your lover in very hot lingerie together with fetish mask on your own bed, you’ll not think of anyone else and just wrap your hand close to your partner without time. Hence, it demonstrates that these toys and fetish masks are great method to bring the happy couple closer to one another in bed. When you shop, you will also find them within your budget as many companies offer you a good low cost on different products.
Today, if you’re interested to show your lovemaking fantasy into reality then only fetish toys and fetish masks can help you in this connection. Therefore, you don’t have to give a second thought, simply visit the intercourse shop inside your vicinity bodily or on the web and grab your own stock to offer your partner a lovely surprise associated with his or her life time.

How to Get Your Car Started In A Subzero Weather

If you are unable to start your car in a subzero temperature which has gripped most parts of the country, this is the good time to get your car started in this rigid weather.

NHTSA provides winter driving tips

The best thing to take car in order to start your car in freezing weather is to ensure that the charging system of the car’s battery is in good condition and the engine is operating on the oil recommended by the manufacturer.

According to Mike Calkins, manager of technical services for the travel group’s national office, suggests that the performance of your car in extreme weather will improve is an engine block heater or an electric battery blanket is added in the anti-winter battery. In winter, the functioning of car batteries are less effective whereas, the load of the engine is greater as the consistency of the oil is thicker. In case the engine is cranking slowly, then you should check the battery especially is the battery is being operated for more than three years.

He further added that the capacity of the battery reduces in winter temperatures. The electrons within the battery slow down and the chemical reaction within the battery which creates electricity is slowed down when it is cold. Moreover, the charging system and the alternator should also be checked along with the cleaning of the battery terminals ensuring that the cables are under good condition as well.

Making use of the right quality of oil is very crucial because most of the modern engines manufactured demand high viscosity oil like 5W-20 which have the consistency to flow easily in cold weather. On the other side, there are vehicles which demand heavier oils like 10W-30 however, according to Calkins, heavier oils impose strain on the battery and starter motor. Moreover, it can increase motor wear as flowing in a normal rate takes much time.

Installing electric battery blankets can help in reduce or prevent the loss of reserve cranking power that occurs due to frigid temperatures. The prices vary from 425 to that of $100.

Another effective thing can be the engine block heater as its functioning is to provide warn air to the heater which not only defrosts outlets but, makes the engine easy to start as well. Alaska and anchorage are the cities where engine block heaters are used the most. Their prices vary from $150 – $200 inclusive of installation. A traditional way of dealing with cold weathers is to use alcohol-based gas-line antifreeze which tends to absorb moisture within the fuel system however; nowadays they are not much useful. Calkins also refused other traditional methods such as covering the car hood with a blanket or tarp along with parking the car in shelter.

Other recommendations given by related to winter driving includes:

  • The defroster and the heater should be under perfect working conditions so as to protect the windows and the windshield to get frosted up.
  • The cooling system should be a combination of water and antifreeze so as to enable freeze protection.
  • Emergency gear system should be installed even if the car is under proper winter maintenance.